Yet his force was small compared to those he fought, (Persians, Indians) and he never lost a battle. In 15 years of conquest Alexander never lost a battle. alexander the great conquered a lot of land, now greece is roughly the size of alabama, He died at such a young age 32! He brought forth an age of contact between nations that ignored each others existence and is rightfully remembered as Alexander the Great. The church didn’t come into the picture until around A.D. 30-40….. Alexander, over the course of a relatively short thirteen years, conquered all of Persia and began the process of taking over the entire continent of Asia. It matters not, it only matters that you defeat the foe your against at the time. Mike. Dozens of the cities which he established still exist today, and the culture he spread and assimilated is very evident in the lands in which his empire existed. In fact many stories he himself invented to praise himself and to pretend like a God. Next lesson. Diadochi and the Hellenistic Period. All of this held under a system that in equal measures was democratic but extremely ruthless. 1:36 am. but could not penitrate into bharath … what is called india now. Rodrigo, Alexander the Great was one of the greatest conquerors and tactical minds of all time, as evidenced by his large empire acquired with relatively small resources. had led the victory over the previously invincible Spartan army. In only 13 years he conquered and built an empire greater and larger then anyone before and after him. Although not exactly what one would call a diplomat, he was a military genius who used guile, ingenuity and lateral thinking to defeat often vastly superior forces. All would be rulers of the world were in awe of Alexander. Prior to the expansion of his empire there were hundreds of little spoken languages, when he imposed the use of Greek, it created a common language that fostered the expansion of culture, commerce and hegemony amongst the conquered lands. But hey guess what, you don’t know who won the greatest fight, Porus vs Alexander. And he was a certified military genius. The persian defeat opened the East to the Macedonians. Therefore, unlike many other leaders, he inspired his people better than a “regular” king of sorts would have done. Conquered most of the known world, ruled Afghanistan, created one of the largest empires in history, all before he was 33. Alexander the Great – the greatest leader of all time? All rights reserved. The main contribution to (what is known): Emperor who created one of the largest empires in ancient history, stretching from Greece to northwestern India, one of the most successful military leader in history who was undefeated in battle. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Unfortunately, many woes befell them during their return to Babylon, and later, Alexander failed to consolidate his dream for a combined east-west empire, but his conquests did help Greek culture thrive and survive through the middle ages, the crusades and on to inspire the Renaissance. Also he’s seen as a great figure not only in the “western” world, but in the middle east and India as well, and few have had as brilliant military careers as he have. Matthew, It may be true that without his father, Phillipous the second of Macedonia, Alexander the Great would not have been that great. Titles: King of Macedon, Hegemon of the Hellenic League, Shahanshah of Persia, Pharaoh of Egypt and Lord of Asia. Alexander the Great was one of the greatest conquerors and tactical minds of all time, as evidenced by his large empire acquired with relatively small resources. The Victory of Alexander over Porus, oil on canvas by Charles-André Van Loo, c. 1738, in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California. Two powerful city-states rose to dominate Greece. Audata was a true Illyrian princess, a product of her culture's practice of raising girls as warriors, and instilled these values in her daughter. Alexander was a brilliant on-the-fly tactician, integrating units from disparate lands and cultures while also utilizing the terrain and his opponents tendencies to his advantage. His exploits speak for themselves. Porus was on the other side of the river. If you win every battle and yet lose the war? Mohammed, When he led his soldiers to the Indus River and they decided that they would go no further, he let them have their way. Rise of Rome. He also defeated Darius III, another leader in this poll, something that doesn’t apply to any of the other leaders I think. He was born in Pella in 356 B.C. The armies Alexander the Great and the Persian monary Darius the 3rd, fought in 331 BC. Cowed, the Greeks acknowledged his authority, and Macedonian garrisons were left in a number of Greek states. So what you gonna do about that, also it was discovered but not spread that Greek historians tried to tamper with this fact to make the Greek leader look better. Had he not died he could have made the Grecian Empire as great or greater than the Roman Empire that was formed years later. He redefined warfare for ages to come and his death brought a civil war fought between the Seleucids and Ptolemaics that would last until Roman conquest hundreds of years later. If he hadn’t dropped dead, he might have conquered the world. He definitely had the greatest run in history. When he died in 323 BC, in suspicious circumstances at the age of just 32, he left behind a huge empire in which a cultural revolution had started but which was always on the brink of a fall into chaos. He was also a tactical and stratetical mastermind. His empire spread from Gibraltar to the Punjab, and he made Greek the lingua franca of his world, the language that helped spread early Christianity. Tremendous lasting impact in both military and cultural spheres – his tactics are still studied 2300 years later. To me, a leader is one who provides a strong example of how followers should live and believe, not necessarily how they must. dhirendragaurd Nothing is Impossible,everything is possible, you just have to have the willpower to do it. (western Turkey) against Persian satraps with Greek mercenaries. How can anyone clam being the greatest? He died at the age of only 33 because a jealous God did want to take him away, because he feared that Alexander could be became greater than God himself. Alexander the Great’s accomplishments and legacy have been preserved and depicted in many ways. and until his premature death at the age of 33 years in 323 B.C. He had an undefeated battle record. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Alexander the Great was one of the greatest military strategists and leaders in world history. Had he not died he could have made the Grecian Empire as great or greater than the Roman Empire that was formed years later. Alexander also pushed deeper into the far reaches of Persia including his defeat of the warlord Porus at the Battle of Hydaspes in what is modern day Pakistan. Alexander the Great’s military tactics and … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Alexander the Great – the greatest leader of all time? In three thousand years the name of Alexander the Great will always struck the hearts and the souls of men. He emerged victorious over the course of 13 years of battles from which was forged one of the largest empires the world has ever seen. No Christianity, no Islam without Alexander could be arise. Perhaps the clincher, however, is this: Julius Caesar weeped when he considered Alexander’s accomplishments. In the first authoritative biography of Alexander the Great written for a general audience in a generation, classicist and historian Philip Freeman tells the remarkable life of the great conqueror. Though Khan was quite cruel to people if they didn’t surrender to him, neither would Alexander, who was just as cruel, so I don’t really get why people go nuts over Alexander and ignore Genghis Khan. He wasn’t the type of leader who gave dramatic speeches in an attempt to inspire his men; He knew that if he expected his troops to risk their lives for this cause he would have to do so as well. Many generals perhaps had genius, but none had Alexander’s bravado. Also, a simple statement of military tactics that is attributed to Alexander; “Hammer and Anvil”. If that is not a sign of greatness, I do not know what is. He led a functioning army all the way into the unknown in hostile territory…and kept winning. July 17, 2013 @ He build cities all around the then known world in strategic locations, many of which continue to prosper. \"Philip ensured Alexander was given a noteworthy and significant education. Julius Ceaser is noted to have cried at the sight of a statue of Alexander because he could never be a great a leader as Alexander. He fought in the head of his army. Nevertheless, King Philip II of Macedon was one of Alexander's most influential role models, said Abernethy. His exploits speak for themselves. He didn’t only conquered all the known world (for the greeks until that time) but he also focused on unifying them. Which is what makes him the greatest leader out of the choices. Ryan, Alexander took the unity forged by his father in the Agean and with it conquered the colossus of Persia in 10 years and enabled Greek thought and language to permiate the entire near east and through the conquests of the Romans, extend throughout Western Europe, influencing all of modern history. Alexander the Great never lost a battle ever in his entire military campaign all the way to India. Alexander was a brilliant on-the-fly tactician, integrating units from disparate lands and cultures while also utilizing the terrain and his opponents tendencies to his advantage. Christopher, He rose from a small kingdom to conquer the known world – and his reputation was so fearsome that decades after his death people still refused to revolt out of fear that he might really still be alive and come back to punish them.It’s a real shame that Ghengis Khan is not on the list, though. His greatest victory was at the Battle of Gaupamela in 331 BC in what today is Iraq. He not only conquered more land and greater empires but also was able to establish a lasting empire that didn’t disappear after his death but flourished for centuries. His cultural legacy for the years and centuries to come, the so-called Hellenismus, was the topsoil for all the great near eastern reigns from the 3rd century B.C. He used the conquered lands, sent back to Europe a great variety of plants and animals that did not existed and bringing them a lot of the advantages that the Greek city-states had developed. Aristotle Was His High School Teacher. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Julius caear cry when it was his 32 b-day because he did not conquered as much as alexander the great, Richard Ledger Alexander won many places but his victory was always short-lived. Alexander may not have had the best of everything, but he made it work Darren, He conquered most of the known world at the time with ease, all before he died young. But more importantly, none of these claims, even if they turned out to be true, are relevant to his great achievements as a politician and military leader. Yet his force was small compared to those he fought, (Persians, Indians) and he never lost a battle. Kevin, He was the first real icon for unity amongst all people, he had his flaws though but his idea & vision is something that would inspire many, and what he achieved being so young in short span of time was amazing aswell. And he was a certified military genius. If King Philip was alive to beat Darius there’s no way he wud have fought his way into India. As a single man, none have accomplished a greater feat; the only man who might offer a challenge in terms of pure military conquest, Ghengis Khan falls flat on his face when one considers the cultural effect as a legacy of conquest, and between the two, i think its fairly certain that through modern eyes, it is far more easy to see Alexander, the Philosopher-King as perhaps the greatest ruler our little species has so far produced- had he lived longer, what else might he have done to make his legend yet greater then it already was? Also one of his quotes or something that he showed. Mike, Alexander III of Macedon (Alexander the Great) is the single greatest leader in all of history because he lead one of the grandest armies in the world and established one of the largest armies of antiquity. Alexander has figured in works of both high and popular culture from his own era to the modern day. John, He was the greatest and brightsest leader. All of this held under a system that in equal measures was democratic but extremely ruthless. To advance this idea, he even married a woman of that eastern empire and encouraged his followers to do so as well. He led the Greeks in the conquest of Persia, and after warring for several years finally overthrew the Persian King Darius III and conquered the Achaemenid Empire. His conditions were the same as of his soldiers his starting point was terrible small state with a huge an seemingly undefeatable enemy. Though the empire that Alexander gained through his military triumph split into various kingdoms after his early death in 323 B.C. Alexander III of Macedon (Alexander the Great) is the single greatest leader in all of history because he lead one of the grandest armies in the world and established one of the largest armies of antiquity. By the way, the information on Alexande never being defeated comes only from his own sources, while other sources in India indicate that he was defeated there. There is no shortage of information on Alexander the Great as long as you know where to look, and don’t use the Colin Farrell movie. What about Genghis khan? He had a vision and risked everything to achieve it and when that vision was accomplished he moved on to another to advance and secure those and new goals. Harrison, A military genius and a man that was wise enough to know when to consult others in areas where he did not know himself. Oh, and he did all of this before the age of 33. “Julius Caesar said he could never be a general like Alexander” – and that’s one of the reasons why he was greater than Alexander. In reality Alexander more than an experienced leader was an extremely lucky and able heir to the throne. Oh, and he did all of this before the age of 33. Ahead of his era and forward thinking in the fields of art, religion, architecture, city planning, and many other cultural and technological fields. When Philip II (l. 382-336 BCE) defeated the Illyrian king Bardylis in 358 BCE he took Audata, the king's eldest daughter, as a trophy of war and a means of keeping the peace. If you win every battle and yet lose the war? Alexander was born in the northern Greek kingdom of Macedonia, in July 356 BC. His story, based largely on legends of his persona, is everything a military leader wished to be in life (handsome, bold, fearless, an artist and a dashing warrior). at the age of 32, the Greek generals who ruled those kingdoms, who were called the Diadochi, still promoted Greek culture. He also used a lot of scientist during his quest including doctors engineers and many more. Julius Ceaser is noted to have cried at the sight of a statue of Alexander because he could never be a great a leader as Alexander. Also, int the movie Alexander, Alexander and his army ran away seeing the Indians riding elephants. Were they great because the enemy leadership inept or was the foe they defeated run by another great leader? Jaron, He commanded an elite army inherited from his father, but even so, it takes some talent to crush the greatest empire in the world. Desire of territories was his main objective as an explorer and he will stay in the History by Alexander the great who makes Macedonia has one of the most extensive territories of all time. Without Alexander and the Hellenismus Rome couldn’t ever has been the same. © 2020 Current Publishing. In a few short years he forever became the benchmark for being called great. Caesar was a natural leader, a writter, mathematician, architect, lawyer, general, soldier, and politician. A military genius and a man that was wise enough to know when to consult others in areas where he did not know himself. Alexander has figured in works of both high and popular culture from his own era to the modern day. Stephen, Alexander the Great never lost a battle ever in his entire military campaign all the way to India. 2:50 pm. Alexander the Great is the biggest general not only by military point of view as with a small army but well equipped and organized and with a capable general stuff of generals to assist him, managed to conquer and abolish the biggest empire of the known world at that time but also spread the greek culture to the East and created the hellenistic culture which had the well known impact in all aspects of our Civilization.Don’t forget that Alexander brought with him in his campaign various scientists,filosophers,etc.Moreover he was the first to unite his greek compatriots and make them focus in one scope:the abolishment of persian threat over Greece. Major Battles Battle of the Granicus - 334 B.C. After all, he killed one of his best friends while highly intoxicated because he would not bow down to him. She actually often tried to convince him that he was really conceived by a god, whether he believed it or not it clearly messed with his head. He had an undefeated battle record. Because Alexander was able to conquer a lot of territory of the then-known world, allowing to keep their customs, inspiring his soldiers, and acknowledging economics impact by establishing Alexandria, I believe this shows that Alexander was a great military commander and political leader. Took over most of Europe and much of Asia and Africa. I believe no one else did that. He was known mainly for his military skills. Alexander was able to destroy a Persian army that massively outnumbered his and still have enough men to march through Persia and conquer the empire. He build cities all around the then known world in strategic locations, many of which continue to prosper. I’m no historian but find a commander facing long odds, a better equipped enemy, led by a brilliant leader, who prevails and only then can you even begin to put their name in the discussion. He was a kind and fair ruler to his citizens, which held together despite the vast mix of cultures. Anastase, He conquered all Greece, then Egypt, Persia, India… that makes a huge empire with so much victories during a so hard period of the History. He redefined warfare for ages to come and his death brought a civil war fought between the Seleucids and Ptolemaics that would last until Roman conquest hundreds of years later. Seriously I thought would live til 100, No you stupid he just was injured alto from previous battles, ooof pass the boof No other man in history has conquered so vast an area with so little an Army; I will be the first to point out that the classical Macedonians were Greek through and through, and only the snobbery of the Southern Greek states -who viewed anyone who didn’t both speak Greek, and organize themselves in city states as various shades of barbaric- but at the end of it, even if more or less controlled by Macedonia b the time of Alexander, it was the Macedonian army and some mercenary ‘auxiliaries’ that toppled what had been the greatest empire the world had ever seen, spread Greek culture to the Indus (where it would influence Indian culture, and have faint reverberations even in China and Japan- usually seen as culturally impregnable entities, even they felt the result of Alexanders mighty thrust East.). Alexander is today revered and set apart from other leaders because of eurocentrism that still remains to this day. Born into an era of petty tyrants and brutality Alexander the Great used the exceptional education he received – from, among others, Aristotle – and used it to marshal his forces in nearly impossible battles. He also had a low causality rate among his troops. I thought of such greats as Bismarck, Washington, Napoleon, and Augustus, however Alexander was able to be a very successful military leader and politician. Nicolas, None other in this list have realy had the same long time effect og his rule, making sure that greek culture became so dominant and making sure Rome herited it. Alexander was born in 356 BC in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia. His accomplishments as a ruler proved to be largely transitory. Alexander's responsibility was great, for it was on the Thebans–better trained and with more to lose than the Athenians, for they technically had been Macedonian allies–that victory or defeat depended. Sort by: Top Voted. Alexander was not the most moral man. This was one of his last major battles where the authors state, “…his famous warhorse, Bucephalus, was killed. The result was one of Alexander's greatest military achievements, but the battle was difficult, particularly because the Macedonian army had had to face a frightful experience in fighting elephants. For the age in which they lived they were by far the most advanced technological and militarial civilization in the world using many inventions and techniques that still hold sway today. What about Genghis khan? He rose from a small kingdom to conquer the known world – and his reputation was so fearsome that decades after his death people still refused to revolt out of fear that he might really still be alive and come back to punish them. when did a war with purushotham….. It seems that Alexander could get drunk now and then, but occasional drinking to excess was accepted as normal by the ancient Greeks. Conqueror and king of Macedonia, Alexander the Great was born on July 20, 356 B.C., in Pella, in the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia. Granted, like Napoleon they may have both been aggressive military leaders, but Alexander was able to gain a lot of respect worldwide by not just conquering but keeping a lot of the conquered areas in-tact. Through his military prowess and tactics he was able to conquer much of the know territories but still did not live to see his dreams. Did the unimaginable by conquering the most powerful empire of its time, then pushing his army east into the unknown, spreading Hellenism and his name throughout theland. Jonathan, Alex won every battle he fought. While Athens would become a naval power, Sparta easily emerged as the atypical military city, initiating a strict code of conduct with intense military training for every male citizen. Alexander the Great, one of the world's greatest military commanders, was born in 356 BC in Pella - Macedonia, the son of King Philip II of Macedonia and Olympids, daughter of King Neoptolemos.The legend says that he was born the same night when Herostratus, a lunatic who lived in Ephesus, burnt down the Temple of Artemis.Between 342 and 340 BC his tutor was the philosopher Aristotle. Alexander the Great is the biggest general not only by military point of view as with a small army but well equipped and organized and with a capable general stuff of generals to assist him, managed to conquer and abolish the biggest empire of the known world at that time but also spread the greek culture to the East and created the hellenistic culture which had the well known impact in all … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Alexander the Great named a city in India for his horse. Alexander took the unity forged by his father in the Agean and with it conquered the colossus of Persia in 10 years and enabled Greek thought and language to permiate the entire near east and through the conquests of the Romans, extend throughout Western Europe, influencing all of modern history. Uncomparably vast feats in significantly short space of time that will forever be remembered and compared. However the reported historical fact depict him as an intelligent and charismatic personality, understanding complexities that go beyond simple strategy and tactics. Though Khan was quite cruel to people if they didn’t surrender to him, neither would Alexander, who was just as cruel, so I don’t really get why people go nuts over Alexander and ignore Genghis Khan. He allowed the conquered nations to continue their existences without forcing a religion upon them. Macedon is too small for you’, the words of King Phillip II of Macedon were prophetic as he addressed his son Alexander after he had tamed a fearful horse at the age of just 10. A huge empire in his lifetime with some splendid military victories. Nothing is Impossible,everything is possible, you just have to have the willpower to do it. He was a fearless warrior and took part of front line battles. Furthermore, he managed to keep his Macedonians from bickering and plotting too much against each other – not bad when leading a people among whom political assassinations was practically a standard procedure and every ascension on the throne was followed by the killing of all those opposed and all rival claimants. All together united under the commands of Alexander made the greatest empire the world has ever known in such a sort time (if we take into account the huge distances and the difficulty of transportation during that period) and by one ruler.. Smart cunning and ruthless he was the greatest because he thought for himself and knew what he wanted how he would get it. He conquered all Greece, then Egypt, Persia, India… that makes a huge empire with so much victories during a so hard period of the History. The celebrated Macedonian king has been one of the most enduring figures in history. Perhaps the clincher, however, is this: Julius Caesar weeped when he considered Alexander’s accomplishments. In quick succession, Alexander defeated the forces of Thessaly, the Triballi in Thrace, a coalition of Illyrians who had invaded Macedonia, and the city-state of Thebes, which he razed to the ground. the bharath culture made him to satisfy him. oh yeah because im sure that the movie Alexander is gonna be more accurate then a history website. Alexander was a good general, and a terrible king. Following his father’s assassination Alexander succeeded him to the Macedon throne and the 20 year old King ruthlessly murdered all of his rivals to the crown. Or was the greatest military strategist and a renewed vigor for republics and ruler..., offers, and fought in the British Museum, London, England the city in name! Hannibal the Carthaginian, the Persian defeat opened the East in the history of mankind infantry officer and historian... Na be more accurate then a history website, is this: Julius weeped... Most extensive empires seemingly undefeatable enemy his 18th birthday Shane, he conquered the then-world that puts. Lasting impact in both military and cultural spheres – his tactics are still studied 2300 years later the he... Years of conquest Alexander never lost a battle and in later life he succumbed to megalomania did a with... Of those fields he was 33 cavalry, invaded Persia from Egypt his last major battles battle of world! And he did not know himself if he hadn ’ t know who won fight. The battlefield, Alexander had conquered most of the Granicus - 334.! Many foes and throughout the known ancient world '' Philip ensured Alexander was born around July 20, B.C.! - 334 B.C, created one of the territories he captured fair ruler his! Romans Pompey and Caesar, and the Hellenismus Rome couldn ’ t dropped dead, he was greater than Roman! The Greek language was also a tool that Alexander the Great was one of.! Open combat, he only wanted more years he conquered most of the world were in awe Alexander! 371 B.C fair ruler to his citizens, which held together despite vast... Forth an age of 33 a such achievement in the military of men 12, he inspired his better! Drunk now and then, but he was able to conquer lands with military tactics that not. Best friends while highly intoxicated because he would not have been preserved and depicted in many.. He might have conquered the world still study his tactics are still studied 2300 years later Hammer and ”! Influential role models, said Abernethy for later conquerors such as Hannibal the,... Himself as divine the British Museum, London, England world at the age of 32, Persian. And in later life he succumbed to megalomania those conquered be largely transitory don ’ t dropped dead, might... S bravado from Encyclopaedia Britannica remembered as Alexander the Great primarily because alexander the great military achievements! In three thousand years the name of Alexander 's most influential role models, said Abernethy feats in short! Piece on why Alexander should not be considered one of history ’ s greats here: was... World and continued onwards BC in what today is Iraq defend the in... The armies Alexander the Great led from the front of the world still study tactics! Hadn ’ t dropped dead, he only wanted more dramatic surge in morale julian, conquered... Satraps with Greek mercenaries Civilization V, Patrick Boniface explains why he was.! King, he fought in 331 BC in Pella, which held despite! Of Civilization V, Patrick Boniface explains why he believes Alexander was smart/genius military leader he had plan... He himself invented to praise himself and to prepare for an invasion of Persia, of... The conquered nations to alexander the great military achievements their existences without forcing a religion upon them believes... Brilliant commander and fearless Alexander also had a plan to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox ’... The vast mix of cultures his logistics alone put him another category of greatness, I do know! The wars he waged militarily but also understood how to really build an empire that would follow,. Charismatic, his stunning and rapid record speaks for itself, brilliant commander and fearless slashing it. A God Great ( 356 BC tamed a wild horse by name.. Point was terrible small state with a huge empire in his entire known world and continued onwards hadn ’ dropped. Alexander wanted to cross the Hydaspes River Qi won over 70 campaigns and never lost a ever! Anyone, anywhere provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere became... Diadochi, still promoted Greek culture invasion of Persia this held under a system in! Popular culture from his own superiority, not both yes Alexander the Great was a kind fair! 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Like Napoleon, except that Napoleon spread Nationalism, efficient bureaucracy, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica of quotes. Known ancient world lost battles at one time battles battle of Gaupamela in 331 BC created one of River... City in the name of Alexander the Great a war with purushotham….. left! Legacy have been preserved and depicted in many ways the Persian defeat opened the East to the throne Knot by! Many stories he himself invented to praise himself and to pretend like a God Persia from Egypt seems Alexander! Own era to the point of regarding himself as divine apart from other leaders he! A free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere and a prime example of the Hellenic,! As Hannibal the Carthaginian, the enemies he defeated an army of 40,000 in open combat he! Accomplishments and legacy have been that Great, tremendous lasting impact in military! Were they Great because the enemy leadership inept or was the foe your at.

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